Child Labour in Capitalism: Survival Strategie or Modern Slavery?
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.The International Labour Organization estimates that 215 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative. Underage children work at all sorts of jobs around the world, usually because they and their families are extremely poor. The children of refugees are especially vulnerable. Hayat Osseiran, a child labour consultant at the International Labour Organization (ILO) claims that the number of working children has increased exponentially since the Syrian refugee crisis began.
However, Global March Network alerts that children make up 26% of all forced labour victims and the organisation "End Slavery Now" claims that more then a quarter of the world's slaves are children. This panel will provide an answer to whether the child labor is one of the survival strategies of the poor in a capitalism or the organized exploitation of children and a form of modern slavery.
Sex Work vs Prostitution: Personal Choice or Systemic Compulsion?
There is a strong difference between sex work and prostitution, and a strong difference between legalisation and decriminalisation. Prostitution is commonly used to dehumanise people in the sex industry. Sex work refers only to those who have chosen to join the sex industry without force or coercion. Regardless if it was a first or last choice, it was still a freely made choice. Abolitionists wouldn't agree on that. Under legalisation, sex work is controlled by the government and is legal only under certain state-specified conditions. Decriminalisation involves the removal of all prostitution-specific laws, although sex workers and sex work businesses must still operate within the laws of the land, as must any businesses. So, what's the best model? Sweeden, Netherlands, or maybe New Zealand? What does male and female sex workers say about that? Let's find out.
Health and Cannabis: On the Road to Legalization of Cannabis in Medical Purposes
Everyone in the world has a very strong opinion on Cannabis. Splitting the world into pro and anti, never before has humanity had so many arguments as strong and passionate on both sides. Many advocate legalization of cannabis, believing that research of cannabis oil for medical purposes would help in treatment of many diseases. Some organizations argue that the possession and production for personal use should be decriminalized. On the other hand, there is as strong opinion that the decriminalization and legalization will contribute to the increase of youth and adolescent use because it will make cannabis easier to obtain. This panel will present a more balanced perspective and answers presented by qualified professionals who will be talking about the positive side of using the cannabis oil for medical purposes, its efficiency, but also the potential hazards if the framework for the legalization of the use is not appropriate.
Indigenous communities: Between assimilation and multiculturalism
According to UN, there are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world's population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world's estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures. In different societies, the attitude towards indigenous cultures is different and varies from assimilation policy to the promotion of cultural diversity. This topic will be addressed by representatives of indigenious communities who will share their authentic experience with conference participants.
The Capacities of a Refugee: Between vulnerability and strength
Refugees are usually percieved only as "vulnerable victims" who needs our support. Yet the concept of 'vulnerability' is rarely critically interrogated and the distinctions between situational or embodied vulnerability are rarely considered. Society treats refugees from positions of power without taking into account their capacities, knowledge and skills which they can offer and which they use on a daily basis to support themselves and their communities. In order to successfully integrate refugees society should be focused on the person and considered him as an individual able to make independent decisions, not just as a victim. This panel will give voice to them.
LGBTQ+ in Armed Forces: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Security Forces
Security forces, such as the military and the police, are considered to be one of the most conservative institutions dominated by men who, according to all characteristics, meet the criteria of "hegemonic masculinity" in the manner defined by the sociologist Conell. Women were almost completely excluded from these sectors until recently, so as LGBT population with the "Dont ask dont tell politics" rule. Donald Trump's announcement that he will ban all transgendered people from the US Army has opened up a debate again and showed that all conquered freedom always needs to be re-conquered. This panel will discuss the position of women and non-heterosexual identities in these structures.
Participants' Panel - Presentation of a Personal Research
At The Global Human Rights Forum 2017, even the participants will get their chance to take the stage and present their work to all the attendees and the world. Everyone who applies and is selected to participate will be allowed to submit their research papers and presentations for the opportunity to be selected to host one of the panels at this years Forum. The call is now open and you may access it through by clicking on the button below..
The Living Library Session
One of the goals of the organizers of this year's Global Human Rights Forum is to make this conference a memorable experience. This is why we decided to introduce a unique concept to this edition called The Living Library. The Living Library is an equalities tool that seeks to challenge prejudice and discrimination. Just like in a normal library, visitors can browse the catalogue for the available titles, pick the Book they want to read and return it once they are done reading it.. The only difference is that in the Living Library, Books are people with real life experiences and struggles, and reading consists of a conversation.