Child Labour in Capitalism: Survival Strategie or Modern Slavery?
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.The International Labour Organization estimates that 215 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative. Underage children work at all sorts of jobs around the world, usually because they and their families are extremely poor. The children of refugees are especially vulnerable. Hayat Osseiran, a child labour consultant at the International Labour Organization (ILO) claims that the number of working children has increased exponentially since the Syrian refugee crisis began.
However, Global March Network alerts that children make up 26% of all forced labour victims and the organisation "End Slavery Now" claims that more then a quarter of the world's slaves are children. This panel will provide an answer to whether the child labor is one of the survival strategies of the poor in a capitalism or the organized exploitation of children and a form of modern slavery.
Sex Work vs Prostitution: Personal Choice or Systemic Compulsion?
There is a strong difference between sex work and prostitution, and a strong difference between legalisation and decriminalisation. Prostitution is commonly used to dehumanise people in the sex industry. Sex work refers only to those who have chosen to join the sex industry without force or coercion. Regardless if it was a first or last choice, it was still a freely made choice. Abolitionists wouldn't agree on that. Under legalisation, sex work is controlled by the government and is legal only under certain state-specified conditions. Decriminalisation involves the removal of all prostitution-specific laws, although sex workers and sex work businesses must still operate within the laws of the land, as must any businesses. So, what's the best model? Sweeden, Netherlands, or maybe New Zealand? What does male and female sex workers say about that? Let's find out.
Health and Marijuana: On the Road to Legalisation of Canabis in Medical Purposes
Everyone in the world has a very strong opinion on Cannabis. Splitting the world into pro and anti, never before has humanity had so many arguments as strong and passionate on both sides. Many advocate legalization of cannabis, believing that it will eliminate the illegal trade and associated crime, yield valuable tax and reduce policing costs. On the other hand, the marijuana industry has grown significantly since 2000 and there is as strong opinion that the legalization will contribute to the increase of youth and adolescent use because it will make marijuana easier to obtain. This panel will present a more balanced perspective and answers presented by qualified professionals who will be talking about the positive side of using the cannabis oil for medical purposes, its efficiency, but also the potential hazards if the framework for the legalization of the use is not appropriate.
Paris Climate Agreement: Global winners and losers from Trump’s decision to pull out
Who will prosper and who will suffer from the US dpresident`s decision to leave Paris agreement? Without U.S. leadership, achieving the voluntary targets agreed to by the 195 countries that signed the accord will be far more difficult. This will increase the chances that the global effort to reduce carbon emissions will be insufficient to avert catastrophic consequences for human health. Which side you are on?
The Capacities of a Refugee: Between vulnerability and strength
Refugees are usually percieved only as "vulnerable victims" who needs our support. Yet the concept of 'vulnerability' is rarely critically interrogated and the distinctions between situational or embodied vulnerability are rarely considered. Society treats refugees from positions of power without taking into account their capacities, knowledge and skills which they can offer and which they use on a daily basis to support themselves and their communities. In order to successfully integrate refugees society should be focused on the person and considered him as an individual able to make independent decisions, not just as a victim. This panel will give voice to them.
LGBTIQ+ and Security: Addressing Threats to LGBTQ Youth Safety and Security
Thanks to the steadfast efforts of advocates, lawmakers, social service providers, and individuals able to live openly and proudly, the LGBTQ struggle for social equality has seen an improvement in USA and West Europe over the past decade. However, LGBTQ youth are still much more likely to struggle with depression and to attempt suicide than the rest of the population, they are in higher risk of HIV and AIDS, and still suffering violence, psysical assaults and bullying. According to various sources, an estimated 40 percent of homeless youth are LGBTQ. What can be done?
Participants' Panel - Presentation of a Personal Research
At The Global Human Rights Forum 2017, even the participants will get their chance to take the stage and present their work to all the attendees and the world. Everyone who applies and is selected to participate will be allowed to submit their research papers and presentations for the opportunity to be selected to host one of the panels at this years Forum. The call is now open and you may access it through by clicking on the button below..
The Living Library Session
One of the goals of the organizers of this year's Global Human Rights Forum is to make this conference a memorable experience. This is why we decided to introduce a unique concept to this edition called The Living Library. The Living Library is an equalities tool that seeks to challenge prejudice and discrimination. Just like in a normal library, visitors can browse the catalogue for the available titles, pick the Book they want to read and return it once they are done reading it.. The only difference is that in the Living Library, Books are people with real life experiences and struggles, and reading consists of a conversation.